Birth control is how to prevent pregnancy before it begins. There are lots of different methods and options people can choose from. Hormones in birth control pills prevent pregnancy by stopping or reducing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus to keep sperm from entering the uterus.
Below is different type of birth control.
Permanent Birth Control: A surgical procedure that makes a person who can produce sperm unable to cause a pregnancy or a person who can ovulate unable to become pregnant.
IUD (Non-hormonal/Hormonal): A small t-shaped device that is placed inside of the uterus by a health care provider to prevent pregnancy 99% of the time. IUD is one of the most effective forms of birth control and can last anywhere between 3 to 10 years depending on which type you choose.
Implant (Hormonal): A small rod placed under the skin in the upper arm by a health care provider to prevent pregnancy 99% of the time. The implant, which lasts for 3 years, releases the hormone progestin to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs.
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The Shot (Hormonal) : An injection given by a medical professional of the hormone progestin in the arm or hip that lasts three months and prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. It stops the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens the cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus.
The Vaginal Ring (Hormonal): A flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina each month for three weeks at a time that prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. The vaginal ring releases hormones that stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens cervical mucus.
Patch (Hormonal): The patch is applied (like a sticker) weekly anywhere on the skin and prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. The patch releases hormones that stop the ovaries from releasing eggs, and it thickens cervical mucus.
The Pill (Hormonal): A pill that should be taken at the same time every day for maximum effectiveness, which is often used to reduce cramping and bleeding. The pill releases hormones (progestin-only or a combination of hormones) to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs.
Condoms (Non-hormonal): Available in latex or polyurethane, condoms, which prevent pregnancy 98% of the time. Not only are condoms arguably one of the most affordable, accessible forms of birth control, they also protect against STDs.
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