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    5 Factors That Causes Menstrual Pain

    Menstruation is the monthly flow of blood from the vagina of a woman. It is also a sign that pregnancy has not occurred. Some women undergo menstrual pain which is caused by different factors.

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    During menstruation, the uterus contracts to help dispel its lining. Hormone-like substances (prostaglandins) involved in inflammation and pain trigger the uterine muscle contractions.

    Here, we will list out some of the factors that lead to painful menstruation. They include:

    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

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    This infection of the female reproductive organs is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.

    Read also: 6 Natural Ways To Relieve Menstrual Cramp

    Cervical Stenosis

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    For some women, the opening of the cervical organ is small, which may impede menstrual flow, causing a painful increase of pressure within the uterus.

    Uterine fibroids

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    These are noncancerous growths in the wall of the uterus and can cause pain during menstrual flow.

    Endometriosis

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    Tissue that acts similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, most commonly on fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining the pelvis.

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