Examining the differences and similarities between type 1 and type 2 diabetes can help you better understand your condition. Then, you can work with your doctor to create the right treatment plan for you.
Type 1 and 2 diabetes have some similarities and it is necessary for you to know them.
Here are the similarities between type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary
Your family history of diabetes plays a role in whether or not you will develop the condition. Though genetics are linked to both types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes is less tied to family history than type 1 diabetes.
Both types mean your body can’t regulate its blood sugar
When you consume glucose, your body uses insulin to process it. The insulin delivers glucose to the cells in your body to be used as fuel. However, your body can’t process glucose if it doesn’t have enough insulin or if your body loses its sensitivity to insulin. When that happens, diabetes occurs.
Both types can lead to the same complications
You can prevent or delay many diabetes complications with tight glycemic control, such as by taking your medication, monitoring your blood sugar, eating a healthy diet, and exercising for at least 30 minutes a day. However, diabetes can cause serious complications if it’s left unchecked. If your diabetes is unmanaged, it can lead to the following conditions:
- Heart attack
- Diabetic retinopathy (vision problems and possibly blindness)
- Dyslipidemia (high cholesterol)
- Nerve damage
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Heart disease
- Kidney damage
- Foot ulcers and skin infections
- Amputation of limbs, such as toes or feet
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