Saturday, May 18, 2024

    8 Common Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) You Should Know About

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that you can pass on to your partner during sexual activitiesThere are several common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that are prevalent worldwide.

    Here are some of the most well-known STIs that you need to know irregardless of your sexual status (active or inactive)

    1. Chlamydia: Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium and can infect the genitals, rectum, and throat. It is one of the most common STIs and often doesn’t cause obvious symptoms, particularly in women.

    2. Gonorrhea: A bacterium is also responsible for gonorrhea, it also affects the throat, rectum, and genitalia. It is a typical bacterial STI like chlamydia and has the potential to be asymptomatic in certain people, especially women.3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a virus that is spread through sex. There are many strains; some can result in genital warts, while others have been connected to the emergence of cancers in the throat, cervix, and anal.

    4. Herpes: The herpes simplex virus (HSV) is responsible for causing herpes, which is characterized by sores or blisters in the oral or vaginal regions. Oral herpes is generally brought on by HSV-1, whereas genital herpes is mainly brought on by HSV-2. Both strains can, however, spread to either location.

    5. Syphilis: Syphilis is brought on by a bacterium and develops over time if untreated. Numerous symptoms, including as painless sores, rash, fever, and possibly serious complications if untreated, can be brought on by it.

    6. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): This targets the immune system and can cause AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It can be spread through Blood-to-blood contact, sharing of contaminated needles, and sexual contact.

    7. Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is an infection of the genital region brought on by a parasite. It may result in symptoms like discharge, irritation, and discomfort while urinating.
    8. Hepatitis B and C: These viral illnesses, which mostly damage the liver, are known as hepatitis B and C. While they can be spread sexually, they can also be spread through other channels like sharing contaminated needles and blood-to-blood contact.
    It’s important to remember that many STIs can be asymptomatic, which means that even if an individual doesn’t show any symptoms, they can still spread the infection.

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