What Is Family Planning And The Different Types

Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Family planning programs have been developed and supported to provide people with a means to achieve the number of children they desire and to reduce unwanted pregnancy.

Family Planning services support people’s decisions about when, or if, they would like to have children by offering education, counselling and birth control methods. Planned pregnancies spaced two or more years apart result in healthier babies.

Below is what types of family planning is available.

Emergency contraceptive: ECP can be taken up to three days after unprotected sex. If you are an average weight, the ECP is 98% effective. If you weigh more than 70kg, the ECP is less effective and a copper IUD is recommended.

Read Also: 10 Tips To Determine The Sex Of A Baby

A Cap: A cap, like a diaphragm, is a barrier method of contraception. It fits inside your vagina and prevents sperm from passing through the entrance of your womb (the cervix).

Combined pill: The combined oral contraceptive pill is often just called “the pill”. It contains artificial versions of female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which are produced naturally in the ovaries.

Condoms: Condoms are the only type of contraception that can both prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Intrauterine system (IUS): An IUS is a small, T-shaped plastic device that’s put into your womb (uterus) by a doctor or nurse. It releases the hormone progestogen to stop you getting pregnant and lasts for 3 to 5 years.

Read Also: 10 Ways Having A Baby Will Impact Your Marriage

Permanent Procedure: A surgical procedure that makes a person who can produce sperm unable to cause a pregnancy or a person who can ovulate unable to become pregnant.


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